Preposition


Prepositions of Time
In, at, on and no preposition with time words:
Prepositions of time - here's a list of the time words that need 'on', 'in', 'at' and some that don't need any preposition. Be careful - many students of English use 'on' with months (it should be 'in'), or put a preposition before 'next' when we don't need one.
at
  • times: at 8pm, at midnight, at 6:30
  • holiday periods: at Christmas, at Easter
  • at night
  • at the weekend
  • at lunchtime, at dinnertime, at breakfast time
on
  • days: on Monday, on my birthday, on Christmas Day
  • days + morning / afternoon / evening / night: on Tuesday morning
  • dates: on the 20th of June
in
  • years: in 1992, in 2006
  • months: in December, in June
  • decades: in the sixties, in the 1790s
  • centuries: in the 19th century
  • seasons: in winter, in summer
  • in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening
no 
prep
  • next week, year, month etc
  • last night, year etc
  • this morning, month etc
  • every day, night, years etc
  • today, tomorrow, yesterday



Prepositions of Place

Prepositions of place can be difficult - here's some help about using 'at', 'in' and 'on' when you're talking about where things are.
Basics:
If something is contained inside a box or a wide flat area, we use ‘in’:
in the newspaper
in a house
in a cup
in a drawer
in a bottle
in a bag
in bed
in a car
in London
in England
in a book
in a pub
in a field
in the sea
in my stomach
in a river
If something is on a line or a horizontal or vertical surface, we use ‘on’:
on the table
on the wall
on the floor
on the fridge
on my face
on a plate
on the page
on the sofa
on a chair
on a bag
on the river
on a t-shirt
on the ceiling
on a bottle
on a bike
on his foot
If something is at a point, (it could be a building) we use ‘at’:
at the airport
at the door
at the table
at the bus stop
at the cinema
at at the top
at the bottom
at the pub
at the traffic lights
at the front
at the back
at school
at university
at the window
at the hospital
at the piano

  

Adjectives and Prepositions

Adjectives and prepositions. Some adjectives need a preposition before their object.  It doesn't seem to be logical - I'm afraid we just need to learn them!
Here are some of the most common ones:
  • famous for 
    India is famous for its food.
  • proud of
    He is very proud of his student.
  • interested in
    Ammu is very interested in cooking.
  • pleased with
    Ammu is very pleased with her new Badam milk recipe.
  • bad at
    They are very bad at maths.
  • good at
    Ammu is very good at Maths.
  • married to
    Sita has been married to Ram for 20 years.
  • excited about
    I'm very excited about my holiday.
  • different from / to
    Coffee is different from tea.
  • afraid of
    Ammu is afraid of snaks.


Verbs and Prepositions

Some verbs need a preposition before an object or another verb. The preposition is only grammatical, it doesn't change the meaning of the verb.
Here are some of the most common ones:
  • arrive at / in somewhere 
    We arrived at the airport.
     
    We arrived in Chennai.
  • belong to somebody 
    This book belongs to me.
  • borrow something from somebody 
    I borrow a book from my friend.
  • concentrate on something / doing something 
    I concentrated on studying at the weekend.
  • depend on something / somebody 
    It depends on the weather.
  • explain something to somebody 
    The teacher explained the exercise to the students.
  • listen to something / somebody 
    I listen to music.
  • pay somebody for something 
    I pay the waiter for the coffee.
  • wait for somebody / something 
    Wait for me!
  • worry about somebody / something 
           Don’t worry about a thing!