Longest Word of World Languages

The longest word in any given language depends on the word formation rules of each specific language and on the types of words allowed for consideration. Agglutinative languages allow for the creation of long words via compounding. Even non-agglutinative languages may allow word formation of theoretically limitless length in certain contexts. Words consisting of hundreds, thousands, or even millions of characters have been coined with the goal of being ranked among the world's longest words; technical scientific terms can run to hundreds of thousands of characters in length. Place names may not be accepted on lists of longest words despite their length. Longest word candidates may be judged by their acceptance in major dictionaries such as the Oxford English Dictionary or in record-keeping publications like the Guinness World Records, and by the frequency of their use in ordinary language.

1-English

The longest scientific term in English is the full chemical name of the world's largest known protein, titin. Beginning with Methionyl... and ending with ...isoleucine, the word contains 189,819 letters.

The 45 letter word “ Pneumonoultramicros copicsilico volcanoconiosis” is the longest English word that appears in a major dictionary. Originally coined to become a candidate for the longest word in English, the term eventually developed some independent use in medicine. It is referred to as "P45"
by researchers.

“Antidisestablishmen tarianism” , at 28 letters, is the longest non-coined, non-technical English word. It refers to a 19th century political movement that opposed the disestablishment of the Church of England as the state church of England.

“ Floccinaucinihilipi lification” at 29 letters (and meaning the act of estimating something as being worth so little as to be practically valueless, or the habit of doing so) is the longest non-technical, coined word in the English language.

“ Hippopotomonstroses quipedaliop hobia” – fear of long words, at 35 letters could also be considered the longest non-coined, non-technical word. Although it is a "phobia" so is often seen as "technical". Hippopoto- "big" due to its allusion to the Greek-derived word hippopotamus (though this is derived as hippo- "horse" compounded with potam-os "river", so originally meaning "river horse"; according to the Oxford English, "hippopotamine" has been construed as large since 1847, so this coinage is reasonable); -monstr- is from Latin words meaning "monstrous", -o- is a noun-compounding vowel; -sesquipedali- comes from "sesquipedalian" meaning a long word (literally "a foot and a half long" in Latin), -o- is a noun-compounding vowel, and -phobia means "fear".


2- Bulgarian

The longest word in Bulgarian is ?????????????????????????????? ????????? (Ne protivokonstitutsio nstvuvatels tvuvate), which are 39 letters and means "Do not act against the Constitution. "


3-Czech

Traditionally, the word nejneobhospodarovávatelnejšímu is considered as the longest Czech word. But there are some longer artificial words. Most of them are compound adjectives in dative, instrumental or other grammatical case and derived from the iterative or frequentative verbal form or the ability adjective form (like -able).

· nejneobhospodarovávatelnejšímu = cca "to the least farmable one", 30 letters

· nejzdevetadevadesáteroroznásob itelnejšími = "by the most possible to be 99-tuplable out", 41 letters

· nejnerestrukturaliz ovávatelnej šímu = cca "to the least restructurable one", 34 letters

· nejneznesrozumitelnovávatelnej šímu = cca "to the least able to be making less understandable" , 34 letters

· nejnevykrystalizovávatelnejším u = "to the least out-crystallizable one", 31 letters


4-Danish

Speciallægepraksisplanlægnings stabiliseringsperio de, which is 51 letters, is the longest Danish word that has been used in an official context. It means "Period of stability planning for specialist doctor practice," and was used during negotiations with the local government.



5-Dutch

Dutch is capable of forming compounds of potentially limitless length. The 49-letter word Kindercarnavalsopto chtvoorbere idingswerkzaamheden, meaning "preparation activities for a children's carnival procession," was cited by the 1996 Guinness Book of World Records as the longest Dutch word.

The longest word in the authoritative Van Dale Dutch dictionary is wapenstilstandsonde rhandeling en; 31 letters long, the term means "cease-fire negotiations" .

The free Open Taal dictionary, that was certified by the Dutch Language Union (i.e. the formal Dutch language institute) and that is included in many open source applications, contains the following longest words that are 40 letters long:

· vervoerdersaansprak elijkheidsv erzekering, that means "carriers' liabilityinsurance" ;

· bestuurdersaansprak elijkheidsv erzekering, that means "drivers' liability insurance";

· overeenstemmingsbeo ordelingspr ocedures, that means "conformity assessment procedures".

6-Esperanto

The longest official Esperanto roots are the 12-letter administracio (administration) , autobiografio (autobiography) , demonstrativo (demonstrative pronoun), diskriminacii (to discriminate) , konservatorio (conservatory) , paleontologio (paleontology) , paralelogramo (parallelogram) , spiritualismo (spiritualism) , spiritualisto (spiritualist) and trigonometrio (trigonometry).However, since Esperanto allows word compounding, there are no limits on how long a word can theoretically become.


7-French

The longest word in French, having 25 letters, is anticonstitutionnel lement, which is an adverb and means "unconstitutionally ".


8-German

In German, whole numbers (smaller than 1 million) are expressed as single words such as neunhundertneunundn eunzig (999 - literally: nine hundred, nine and ninety) and therefore, by continually adding digits that cannot result in a rounded figure, a word of infinite length is theoretically possible. Aside from this, long compound words are both relatively common and comprehensible. A 79 letter word,

Donaudampfschifffah rtselektriz itätenhauptbetriebswer kbauunte rbeamtengesellschaf t, was named the longest published word in the German language by the 1996 Guinness Book of World Records, but longer words are possible. The word refers to a division of an Austrian shipping company named the Donaudampfschiffahr tsgesellsch aft which transported passengers and cargo on the Danube. The longest word that is not created artificially as a longest-word record seems to be

Rindfleischetiketti erungsüber wachungsaufgabenübertragungsge setz.

The longest known word that is not a compound word seems to be Unkameradschaftlich keit". It uses only derivations.

9-Greek

In his comedy Assemblywomen (c. 392 BC) Aristophanes coined the 183-letter word ??pad?*teµa??*se?a??*?a?e?* ??a???*?e??a??*d??µ*?p?* t??µµat?*s??f??*?a?aß?*µe??t?* ?ata?e??*µe??*????*ep?* ??ss?f?*fatt?*pe??ste?* a?e?t????*?pt?*?efa????* ??????*pe?e??*?a???*s??a??* ßaf?*t?a?a??*pte?????. A fictional food dish consisting of a combination of fish, poultry and other meat, hare usually refers to rabbit, it is cited as the longest ancient Greek word ever written and it is considered the longest word ever to appear in literature.


10-Hebrew

The longest Hebrew word is 19 letters long: ??????????????????? - ukhshele-entziclope dioteinu, which means: "and when to our encyclopedias" .


11-Hungarian

Megszentségteleníthetetlensége skedéseitekért, with 44 letters is officially the longest word in the Hungarian language which is actually in use, means something like "for your [plural] keeping behaving as if you could not be profaned". It is already morphed, since Hungarian is an agglutinative language. For this reason, it is possible to create words like összetettszóhosszúságvilágreko rddöntéskényszerneurózistünete gyüttes- megnyilvánulásfejleszthetoségv izsgálatszervezésellenorzésiüg yosztály- létszámleépítésellenesakciócso porttagságiigazolványmegújítás ikérelem- elutasítóhatározatgyujteményér tékesítonagyvállalatátalakítás utó- finanszírozáspályázatelbírálóa lapítványkuratóriumelnökhelyet tesellenes- merényletkivizsgálóbizottságiü léselnapolásiindítványbenyújtá siforma- nyomtatványkitöltögetésellenor izhetoség-próba which is 447 characters long and refers to a committee and its cognizance. Of course in reality such a committee could not exist.

The longest dictionary form word is the non-morphed form of the longest word in use, megszentségteleníthetetlen, with only 25 characters, and means "stain-proof" .

12-Icelandic

Hæstaréttarmálaflutningsmaður, with 29 letters is according to the Icelandic dictionary the longest used word in the Icelandic language and means "Supreme Court barrister".Longer Icelandic words exist, such as

Vaðlaheiðarvegavinnuverkfærag eymsluskúraútidyralyklakippuhr ingur, with 65 letters. It roughly translates to "The keyring of the outdoor of the tool shed of the highway construction on a place in Iceland called Vaðlaheiði". Such words mainly exist for the purpose of creating a "longest word" in Icelandic, rather than daily use.


13-Italian

The longest word in Italian is traditionally precipitevolissimev olmente, which is a 26-letter-long adverb. It is formed by subsequent addition of postfixes to the original root:

1. precipitevole: "hasty";

2. precipitevolissimo: "very hasty";

3. precipitevolissimev ole: "[of someone/something] that acts very hastily", (not grammatically correct);

4. precipitevolissimev olmente: "in a way like someone/something that acts very hastily" (not grammatically correct, but nowadays part of the language).

The word is never used in every-day language, but in jokes. Nevertheless, it is an official part of Italian language; it was coined in 1677 by poet Francesco Moneti:

finché alla terra alfin torna repente

precipitevolissimev olmente

—Francesco Moneti, Cortona Convertita, canto III, LXV

It is to be noted that the word technically violates Italian grammar rules, the correct form being precipitevolissimam ente, which is 3 letters and one syllable shorter. The poet coined the new word to have 11 syllables in the second verse.

Other words can be created with a similar (and grammatically correct) mechanism starting from a longer root, winding up with a longer word. Some examples are:

· sovramagnificentiss imamente (cited by Dante Alighieri in De vulgari eloquentia), 27 letters, "in a way that is more than magnificent by far" (archaic)[1] ;

· incontrovertibiliss imamente, 27 letters, "in a way that is very difficult to falsify";

· particolareggiatiss imamente, 27 letters, "in an extremely detailed way";

· anticostituzionalis simamente, 28 letters, "in a way that strongly violates the constitution" .

The longest accepted neologism is psiconeuroendocrino immunologia (30 letters).


14-Latvian

The longest technical terms are common with other European languages, but the longest non-technical word is Pretpulkstenraditajvirziens, 27 letters long, which means counter clockwise direction.


15-Lithuanian

The longest Lithuanian word is 32 letters long: "nebeprisikiškiakopusteliaudav ome", which is a grammatical form of "kiškiakopusteliauti", meaning "to pick wood-sorrels" (edible forest plant with sour taste). The word is commonly attributed to famous Lithuanian language teacher Jonas Kvederaitis, who actually used shorter version "nebeprisikiškiakopustaudavome " (29 letters). Another word worth mentioning is "keturiasdešimtaštuoniašonis" "(object) with forty-eight sides", found in book by Viktoras Ruokis; plural locative case of the word is "keturiasdešimtaštuoniašoniuos e" (30 letters).


16-Maori

The 85-letter place name “Taumatawhakatangiha ngakoauauo tamateaturipukakapi kimaungahor onukupokaiwhenuakit anatahu” was the longest place name in the Maori language, and for that matter the longest place name in an English-speaking country.


17-Norwegian

The longest word in the Norwegian dictionary is the 60-letter word fylkestrafikksikker hetsutvalgs sekretariatslederfu nksjonene, which means "the traffic security team secretarian leader functions of a county".

18-Polish

Longest Polish words are adjectives created from numerals and nouns.

dziewiecsetdziewiecdziesieciod ziewiecionarodowosciowego, 54 letters, is inclined Genitive form of word, meaning roughly "of nine-hundred- ninety-nine nationalities" .

Please note that similar words are rather artificial compounds, constructed within allowed grammar rules, but are seldom used in spoken language—although they're not nonsense words.

One of longest common words is 31-letter dziewiecdziesieciokilkoletniem u - a form of "ninety-and- some years old one".


19-Portuguese

The 46 letter word pneumoultramicrosco picossilico vulcanoconióticos (plural of pneumoultramicrosco picossilico vulcanoconiótico) is the longest word. It is the carrier of the disease Pneumonoultramicros copicsilico volcanoconiosis.

The 29 letter word anticonstitucionali ssimamente is recognized as being the longest non-technical word.


20-Russian

The 40 letter word ?????????????????????????????? ?????????? ( nikotinamidadenindi nukleotidfo sfatgidrin), also ???? (NADF) - nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate is the longest word.

21-Slovak

The longest Slovak word is Znajneprekryštalizovávatelnejš ievajúcimi (40 letters), which means with 'most anti crystallizing ' in plural.


22-Spanish

The 24 letter word electroencefalograf istas, referring to people who practice electroencephalogra phy, has been cited as the longest Spanish word in actual use.

23-Swedish

The longest word in the Swedish language is according to Guinness World Records Nordöstersjökustartilleriflygs paningssimulatoranläggningsmat erielunderhållsuppföljningssys temdiskussionsinläggsförberede lsearbeten (130 letters). It means something like "Coast artillery flight searching simulator area material maintaining follow-up system discussion post preparation tasks of the Northern Baltic Sea". Since two words are written together to form new words, multiple words can be put together to make even longer word. Hyperneuroakustiska diafragmako ntravibrationer (45 letters) is the official name for hiccups in Sweden, even though hicka is used when speaking of it instead. It also describes what hiccups are.


24-Turkish

Muvaffakiyetsizlestiricilestir iveremeyebilecekler imizdenmiss inizcesine, at 70 letters, has been cited as the longest Turkish word, though it should be noted that it is a compound word and that Turkish, as an agglutinative language, carries the potential for words of theoretically infinite length.

25-Vietnamese

nghiêng, with 7 letters meaning inclined , is the longest word in the single syllable Vietnamese.