The words a, an and the are called the articles. The words a and an are indefinite articles. They are used with singular nouns. Use a before nouns that begin with a consonant. Use an before nouns that begin with a vowel.
· Sai is reading a book.
· Would you like a peach?
· You’ll need a paper to write.
· Is there also an entrance at the back of the building?
· Have you ever seen an elephant?
· I always take an apple to school.
· Do you have an umbrella that I can borrow?
· Would you like to live on an island?
The word the is called the definite article. Use the before a noun when you are talking to someone who already knows which person or thing you mean.
· Sai is sitting in the garden.
· He is working for the group.
· The boys are upstairs and the girls are outside in the street.
Using Nouns without Articles
When you are talking about something in general, not a particular thing, use a noun without an article. You can also use plural nouns without an article.
· Frogs are my favorite animals.
· Children like playing games.
· Babies cry a lot.
· Glasses are things that you wear to correct your eyesight.
· Birds are animals that can fly.
· People enjoy watching television.
Nouns that don't show quantity are normally used without a or an. The article the, however, may be used with nouns that don't show quantity.
· I like sunshine.
· I sometimes have fruit for breakfast.
· You’ve got dirt on your face.
· A clock measures time.
· Put sugar in your tea to make it sweet.
· I need time to think of a new plan.