Instructions can be broadly divided into two types:
i) Oral instructions - to convey orally
ii) Written instructions - to simplify a procedure
Generally instructions are simply explaining steps that is given to a group of people or an individual, the aim of the instructions are to shape a reader's attitude towards a process, policy, or even the philosophy behind the procedure.
Elements of instructions:
* Announcing the subject
* Elucidating the process
* Informing the purpose and producer
* Saying how to use the instructions effectively
Steps to be followed while writing instructions :
* Try to explain the process clearly
* Make it simple that could be understand by every one
* Should carry appropriate information
* Use of words and the connection between the words should be clear
* Try to garnish your ideas to attract the reader
How to write ?
* Try to present the 'real-world' instructions that could be easily understand by all (drive slowly, wear helmets while driving)
* Should be written in imperative form.(verbs in present tense)
* Most of the time Instructions begin with : 'do not...' , 'be...' , 'if...', 'use...', 'avoid...', 'always...', in case of...'
* Make use of pronoun especially 'You' while writing instructions.
Instructions on How to make a battery that works with air and saltwater :
1. Remove the plastic insulation of about one inch from both ends of the wires.
2. Loosen the screw on both contacts of the bulb holder. Place one end of the red wire under one screw, make a loop and then tighten the screw. Place one end of the black wire under the other screw, make a loop and then tighten the screw.
3. Pass the open end of the red wire through the arm of the red alligator clip and secure it under the screw.
4. Pass the open end of the black wire through the arm of the black alligator clip and secure it under the screw.
5. Screw the light bulb on the miniature base.
6. Connect the red alligator clip to the iron electrode and secure it on one side of the plastic container or the cup.
7. Connect the black alligator clip to the magnesium electrode and secure it on the opposite side of the container. (You may need to hold them by hand or use a small tape to hold them in place on the
side of the container.
8. In another pitcher, prepare some strong, warm salt water. Add enough salt so at the end some salt will be left at the bottom of the pitcher.
9. Transfer the salt water from the pitcher to the container.
10. At this time, if all the connections are secure and the electrodes are large enough, you should get a light.