Articles





The Articles

The words a, an and the are called the articles. The words a and an are indefinite articles. They are used with singular nouns. Use a before nouns that begin with a consonant. Use an before nouns that begin with a vowel.

·        Sai is reading a book.
·        Would you like a peach?
·        You’ll need a paper to write.
·        Is there also an entrance at the back of the building?
·        Have you ever seen an elephant?
·        I always take an apple to school.
·        Do you have an umbrella that I can borrow?
·        Would you like to live on an island?

The word the is called the definite article. Use the before a noun when you are talking to someone who already knows which person or thing you mean.

·        Sai is sitting in the garden.
·        He is working for the group.
·        The boys are upstairs and the girls are outside in the street.

Using Nouns without Articles

When you are talking about something in general, not a particular thing, use a noun without an article. You can also use plural nouns without an article.

·        Frogs are my favorite animals.
·        Children like playing games.
·        Babies cry a lot.
·        Glasses are things that you wear to correct your eyesight.
·        Birds are animals that can fly.
·        People enjoy watching television.

Nouns that don't show quantity are normally used without a or an. The article the, however, may be used with nouns that don't show quantity.

·        I like sunshine.
·        I sometimes have fruit for breakfast.
·        You’ve got dirt on your face.
·        A clock measures time.
·        Put sugar in your tea to make it sweet.
·        I need time to think of a new plan.

British Vocabulary Vs American Vocabulary



British
American
Angry
Mad
Autumn
Fall
Banger
Fatter
Bap
Hamburger Bun
Biscuit
Cookie
Bonnet
Hood
Boot
Trunk
Bottom / Backside
Glutes
Brace
Suspender
Chemist
Pharmacist
Chips
Fries
Cinema
Movie
Class
Grade
Clothes Peg
Clothes Pin
Curriculum Vitae
Resume
Dummy
Pacifier
Dustbin
Garbage can
Film
Movie
Flat
Apartment
Football
Soccer
Garage
Gas Station
Garden
Yard
Ground Floor
First Floor
Headmaster / Headmistress
Principal
Holiday
Vacation
Ill
Sick
Jam
Jelly
Ladysfinger
Okra
Lift
Elevator
Lorry
Truck
Lounge
Living Room
Mad
Crazy
Marrow
Squash
Moulting
Shedding
Nappy
Diaper
Parcel
Package
Pavement
Sidewalk
Pram
Carriage
Puckish
Hungry
Petrol
Gasoline
Porridge
Oatmeal
Postal Code
Zip Code
Postman / Postwoman
Mailman / Mailwoman
Power Point
Electrical Outlet
Pram
Baby Carriage
Pub
Bar
Queue
Line
Ring (Telephone)
Call
Roll
Bun
Roundabout
Rotary
Rubber
Eraser
Rucksack
Backpack
Sellotape
Scotch Tape
Shoelace
Shoestring
Shop
Store
Sideboards
Sideburns
Silencer
Muffler
Smalls
Underwear
Snooker
Billiards / Pool
Solicitor
Lawyer
Spanner
Wrench
Surgery
Doctors Office
Tap
Faucet
Taxi
Cab
Timetable
Schedule
Tin
Can
Toilet / Lavatory
Restroom
Torch
Flashlight
Trainers
Sneakers
Trousers
Pants
Underground
Subway
Vest
Undershirt
Waistcoat
Vest
Wardrobe
Closet

Affixes


Noun :
           Prefix + Noun = Noun

           Suffix + Verb + Noun + Adjective = Noun

Verb :
           Prefix + Verb =  Verb

Adjective:
           Suffix + Verb or Noun = Adjectives

           Negative Forms + Adjectives = Adjectives 

* Both Base forms of Prefix & Suffix forms Nouns and Adjectives