Grammar Test - I

  1. I ( done, have done) it
  2. They (came, come) yesterday
  3. Mary said she (thank, thought) of it yesterday
  4. Four sailors (drowned, drownded) in the accident
  5. I (have seen, seen) it
  6. I (have seen, saw) it
  7. We ( did, done) it when you told us to do
  8. We have ( did, done) it before
  9. You (wrote, have wrote) a good letter
  10. They (threw, throwed) out a lot of old magazines
  11. She ( has broke, has broken) her promise
  12. The water pipe ( burst, bursted) last week
  13. I (knowed, knew) he was right all along
  14. He (drank, drunk) his coffee
  15. He (has drunk, has drank) his coffee
  16. I ( brang, brought) a friend along
  17. She has (written, wrote) us a nice note
  18. We have( drive, drove) 300 miles today
  19. The batter (slid, slud) into third bare
  20. I’m sorry but I’ve (forgotten, forgot) his name
  21. You have (gone, went) and done it again
  22. Mr.Brown has (chosen, chose) not to go
  23. He has been (bitten, bit) by the dog
  24. Just an hour ago she (laid, lay) down for a nap
  25. I have ( spoken, spoke) to the principal about your behaviour
  26. Have you (ate, eaten) ?
  27. The farmer (dug, digged) the potatoes before noon
  28. Yesterday a bee (stung, stang) her
  29. The water pipes have (froze, frozen)
  30. St.George (slew, slayed) the dragon
  31. My son has (grown, growed) a lot this year
  32. My son (grew, growed) tomatoes in the back yard last summer
  33. Have you (drew, drawn) your pay yet?
  34. Have you even (swum, swam) in the ocean?
  35. The birds have all ( flown, flew) away
  36. Have you ever (ridden, rode) a horse?
  37. She hasn’t (drank, drunk) her milk this morning
  38. I’d have (thunk, thought) you knew better than that.
  39. He picked up the rock and (slang, slunged) it over the fence
  40. Have you (given, gave) him his share?
  41. Who (built, builded) this cabin?
  42. He ( throwed, threw) the snowball at me
  43. We have all (sang, sung) the national anthem
  44. The cut on his finger (bleeded, bled) badly
  45. You have ( broke, broken) mother’s favorite glass
  46. She ( began, begun) the job yesterday
  47. She ( began, has begun) the job already
  48. He ( swimmed, swam) the river at its widest point
  49. You have (tore, torn) your dress
  50. Haven’t  I ( seen, saw) you some where before
  51. Joe and Tom (begun, began) the job yesterday
  52. Joe and Tom have ( begun, began) the job
  53. Have you (worn, wore) that dress before?
  54. She ( strove, strived) to improve herself
  55. The baseball team got ( beat, beaten) badly
  56. Your shirt ( shrunk, shrank) in ht laundry
  57. Has the whistle (blew, blown)?
  58. He had (run, ran) all the way to school
  59. I (done, did) it yesterday
  60. Mother has (hidden, hid) the jar

Sentence Completion - Vocabulary Test I

1. He is too _______ to be deceived easily
a) strong b) modern c)kind d) honest e) intelligent

2. Ravi’s behaviour is worthy of ________ by all the youngsters.
a) trail b) emulation c)following d) exploration e) experiment

3. The speaker did not properly use the time as he went on ________ on one point alone.
a) dilating b) devoting c) deliberation d) diluting e) distributing

4. The principal and staff have made ______efforts to enable the students to attend college on the days of the bus strike.
a) integrated b) deliberate c) concerted d) systematic

5. It was _________ that a mind so pure and searching could miss the truth.
a) likely b) unlikely c) possible d) scarcely

6. The _________ is working on wood.
a) artifact b) artistic c) artist d) artisan

7. If an indelible ink is used, this will not be ____________
a) observed b) obligated c) obliterated d) obviated

8. He _________ that he could speak languages.
a) challenged b) boasted c) submitted d) suggested

9. It is indeed ________ that 40 years after independence, we have failed to ________ a suitable education or examination system.
a) bad, produce b)improper, create c) sad, evolve d) objectionable, present

10. The boy you met yesterday is in class.
a) ninth b) the ninth c) nine d) the nine

11. The children were disappointed because they had hoped _______with us
a) to have gone b) to go c) would have gone

12. He is the friend ___________ I trust most
a) him b) whom c) which d) who

13. The meeting was presided ____________by the Prime minister
a) on b)upon c) up d) over

14. He ____________ his camera on the railway.
a) laid b) lay c) lain

15. The doctor tried both pencillin and sulphamilamide; the pencillin porved to be the _________ effective drug.
a) very b) more c) most

16. Joseph introduced me _________ his mother as the best batsman
a) to b) by c) with d) of

17. She ___________ in the crowd because of her height and flaming red hair.
a) stood by b) stood off c) stood up d) stood out

18. History records seventeen incursions of Sultan Mahmood ________ India.
a) against b) into c) upon d) on

19. He is being considered ___________senior managerial position.
a) of b) to c) for d) towards e) by

20. It should be the aim of every educated Indian to see that as ________ as possible people become literate.
a) few b) most c) many d) much

Reading Comprehension. I

Most people can remember a phone number for up to thirty seconds. When this short amount of time elapses, however, the numbers are erased from the memory. How did the information get there in the first place? Information that makes its way to the short term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area. The brain has a filter which only allows stimuli that is of immediate interest to pass on to the STM, also known as the working memory.

            There is much debate about the capacity and duration of the short term memory. The most accepted theory comes from George A. Miller, a cognitive psychologist who suggested that humans can remember approximately seven chunks of information. A chunk is defined as a meaningful unit of information, such as a word or name rather than just a letter or number. Modern theorists suggest that one can increase the capacity of the short term memory by chunking, or classifying similar information together. By organizing information, one can optimize the STM, and improve the chances of a memory being passed on to long term storage.

            When making a conscious effort to memorize something, such as information for an exam, many people engage in "rote rehearsal". By repeating something over and over again, we are able to keep a memory alive. Unfortunately, this type of memory maintenance only succeeds if there are no interruptions. As soon as a person stops rehearsing the information, it has the tendency to disappear. When a pen and paper are not handy, you might attempt to remember a phone number by repeating it aloud. If the doorbell rings or the dog barks to come in before you get the opportunity to make your phone call, you will forget the number instantly. Therefore, rote rehearsal is not an efficient way to pass information from the short term to long term memory. A better way is to practice "elaborate rehearsal". This involves assigning semantic meaning to a piece of information so that it can be filed along with other pre-existing long term memories.

             Encoding information semantically also makes it more retrievable. Retrieving information can be done by recognition or recall. Humans can recall memories that are stored in the long term memory and used often. However, if a memory seems to be forgotten, it may eventually be retrieved by prompting. The more cues a person is given (such as pictures), the more likely a memory can be retrieved. This is why multiple choice tests are often used for subjects that require a lot of memorization. 
Reading Comprehension questions:
1. According to the passage, how do memories get transferred to the STM?

A) They revert from the long term memory.
B) They are filtered from the sensory storage area.
C) They get chunked when they enter the brain.
D) They enter via the nervous system.
2. The word "elapses" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to:

A) passes
B) adds up
C) appears
D) continues   
3. All of the following are mentioned as places in which memories are stored EXCEPT the:

B) long term memory
C) sensory storage area
D) maintenance area
4. Why does the author mention a dog's bark?

A) It is a type of memory.
B) It is a type of interruption.
C) Dogs have better memories than humans.
D) A dog's bark is similar to a doorbell.
5. What is paragraph 2 mainly about?

A) George A. Miller
B) Cognitive theorists
C) STM capacity
D) Modern debates
6. How do theorists believe a person can remember more information in a short time?

A) By organizing it
B) By repeating it
C) By giving it a name
D) By drawing it

7. The author believes that rote rotation is:

A) the best way to remember something
B) more efficient than chunking
C) ineffective in the long run
D) an unnecessary interruption
8. The word "it" in the first sentence of the last paragraph refers to:

A) encoding
C) semantics
D) information
9. The word "elaborate" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to:

A) complex
B) efficient
C) pretty
D) regular
10. Which of the following is NOT supported by the passage?

A) The working memory is the same as the short term memory.
B) A memory is kept alive through constant repetition.
C) Cues help people to recognize information.
D) Multiple choice exams are the most difficult.