Common Errors in English 2

Spot the Errors

  1. The deers are grazing in the fields.
  2. Two dozens pencils were bought.
  3. The scissors has two parts
  4. His spectacles was broken
  5. Please acknowledge my thank
  6. The beggars were given arm.
  7. All his asset was annexed.
  8. The village folk was present.
  9. The mankind was grateful to him.
  10. The crew of the boat was not drowned.
  11. The gentry of the town was present at the show.
  12. The poultry is reared everywhere.
  13. The cattle is grazing in the field.
  14. The furniture are lying scattered.
  15. The audience was enthralled.
  16. Lot of people attended the show.
  17. He received many information.
  18. His family members were present.
  19. The judge has issued order for his release.
  20. One should not forget his duty.

Varied Grammatical Functions of the same Word


Same Words as Nouns and Verbs:

In English, Number of words can be used both as a noun and a verb. If the first syllable of a particular word in stressed, it becomes a noun. If the second syllable of a word is stressed it should be treated as a verb. The noun form and the verb are differentiated by their spelling, pronunciation and stress patterns.

Eg: 1 . Answer

His answer is excellent (Noun)

He answered only a few questions (Verb)

2. Advice – Advise

His Advise is valuable (noun)

I advised the students (Verb)

3. Demand

The Demand and supply are in good proportion (Noun)

The customer demanded a loan of Rs.20,000/- from the LIC (verb)

Words used as different parts of speech

  1. After
    1. He ran after the dog (Preposition)
    2. She came after he had left (Connective)
    3. He arrived soon after (Adverb)
  2. Close
    1. She is my close friend (adjective)
    2. They will close their shop (Verb)
    3. The dance came to a close (Noun)
    4. She sat close to me (Adverb)
  3. Date
    1. What is your date of birth (noun)
    2. I have a date with her tomorrow (noun)
    3. Afghan dates are sweet(Noun)
    4. Please date the letter (Verb)
  4. Last
    1. I’m the last person to be here (adjective)
    2. He came last (adverb)
    3. This state of affairs will not last long (Verb)
  5. Stone
    1. This building is made of stone (Noun)
    2. It is a stone wall (Adjective)
    3. They Stoned him to death (Verb)
  1. Fast
    1. Raj kept fast on Monday (Noun)
    2. It is a fast train (Adjective)
    3. Some ladies fast on Friday (Verb)
    4. Usha runs fast (Adverb)


Write two sentences for each word given below using as a noun in one sentence and as a verb in another:

  1. Aim
  2. answer
  3. bat
  4. board
  5. commit
  6. demand
  7. produce
  8. wish
  9. refill
  10. pass
  11. present
  12. favour
  13. effect
  14. rush
  15. clear
  16. check
  17. content
  18. care
  19. figure
  20. colour
  21. welcome
  22. copy

List of Acronyms

List of Acronyms

ACTE: Approvals Committee for Terminal Equipment (in the EC Commission)
ADLNB: Association of Designated Laboratories and Notified Bodies
AECMA: Association Européenne des Constructeurs de Matériel Aérospatial
AENOR: Asociación Española de Normalización y Certificación
AFME: Asociación de Fabricantes de Material Eléctrico
AFNOR: Association Française de Normalisation
AG: General Assembly
AG: Agreement Group
AIE: European Association of Electrical Contractors
AMDEA: Association of Manufacturers of Domestic Electrical Appliances
AMN: Asociación MERCOSUR para la Normalización
ANEC: European Association for the coordination of consumer representation in Standardization
ANFEL: National Association of Manufacturers of Household Appliances (Spain)
ANIE: Associazione Nazionale Industrie Elettrotecniche ed Elettroniche
ANSI: American National Standards Institute
AOW: Asian/Oceanic OSI Workshop
ASB: Associated Body
ASEM: Asia-Europe meeting
ASEM-TFAP: ASEM Trade Facilitation Action Plan
ASRO: Romanian Standards Association
ASTA: Association of Short-Circuit Testing Authorities
ATC: Abstract Test Case
ATEX: Explosive Atmospheres
ATM: Abstract Test Method
AUG: Automotive Users Group
BC: Bon de Commande, mandate
BEAB: British Electrotechnical Approvals Board
BEC: British Electrotechnical Committee
BSI: British Standards Institution
BT: Technical Board
BTTF: Technical Board Task Force
CA: CENELEC Administrative Board
CAD: Computer Aided Design
CAM: Computer Aided Manufacturing
CAPIEL: Coordinating Committee for the Associations of Manufacturers of Industrial Electrical Switchgear and Controlgear in the European Union
CASCO: ISO Council Committee on Conformity Assessment
CASE: Computer Aided Software Engineering
CASE: Conformity Assessment Systems Evaluation (USA)
CAUG: Civil Aviation Users Group
CB: Certification Board
CBEMA: Computer and Business Equipment Manufacturers Association (USA)
CCA: CENELEC Certification Agreement
CCB: CEN Certification Board
CCAF: CENELEC Conformity Assessment Forum
CCITT: Certification for IT&T
CEA: Comité Européen des Assurances
CEB: Comité Electrotechnique Belge
CDV: Committee Draft for Voting
CEB/BEC: Comité Electrotechnique Belge/Belgisch Elektrotechnisch Comité
CEC: Commission of the European Communities
CECAPI: European Committee of Electrical Installation Equipment Manufacturers
CECC: Cenelec Electronic Components Committee
CECC CERT: CECC Certification Committee
CECED: European Committee of Manufacturers of Electrical Domestic Equipment
CECIMO: European Committee for Cooperation of the Machine Tool Industries
CEFIC: European Chemical Council
CEI: Comitato Elettrotecnico Italiano
CELMA: Federation of National Manufacturers Associations for Luminaires and Electrotechnical Components for Luminaires in the European Union
CEN: European Committee for Standardization
CENELEC: European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
CEPT: European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations
CERTLC: Certification Liaison Committee
CES: Swiss Electrotechnical Committee
CFITT: Certification for IT&T
CGF: CENELEC Global Framework
CGI: Computer Graphics Interface
CGM: Computer Graphics Metafile
CIGOS: Canadian Interest Group on Open Systems
COCIR: European Coordination Committee of the Radiological and Electromedical Industries
CODUS DB: Codus Database Users Group
COGEN: European Association for the Promotion of Cogeneration
CONCIT: Comitato nazionale di coordinamento per le technologie dell’informazione
COS: Corporation for Open Systems
COSINE: Cooperation for OSI Networking in Europe
COTREL: Committee of Associations of European Transformers Manufacturers
CR: CEN Report
CS: CENELEC Central Secretariat
CSNI: Czech Standards Institute
CTR: Common Technical Regulation
CTS: Conformance Testing Service
CWA: CEN or CENELEC Workshop Agreement
CYS: Cyprus Organization for Standards
DEMKO: Danish Electrical Material Control
DG: Directorate General (European Commission)
DIN: Deutsches Institut für Normung
DIS: Draft International Standard
DKE: Deutsche Elektrotechnische Kommission
DOA: Date of Announcement
DOP: Date of Publication
DOR: Date of Ratification
DOW: Date of Withdrawal
DPS: General Directorate of Standardization (Albania)
DS: Dansk Standard
DSSU: State Committee of Ukraine on Technical Regulation and Consumer Policy
DZNM: State Office for Standardization and Metrology (Croatia)
EA: European Cooperation for Accreditation
EAAB: European Accreditation Advisory Board
EAC: European Accreditation of Certification
EACEM: European Association of Consumer Electronics Manufacturers
EAL: European Accreditation of Laboratories
EBU: European Broadcasting Union
EC: European Commission
ECCA: European Cable Communications Association
ECI: European Copper Institute
ECITC: European Committee for IT & T Testing and Certification
ECITC/OTL: ECITC Group on OSI Testing Liaison
ECMA: European Computer Manufacturers Association
ECQAC: Electronic Components Quality Assurance Committee
ECSS: European Cooperation for Space Standardization
ECTEL: European Telecommunications and Professional Electronics Industry
ECTRA: European Committee for Telecommunications Regulatory Affairs
EDI: Electronic Data Interchange
EDIFACT: EDI for Administration, Commerce and Trade
EDMA: European Diagnostic Manufacturers Association
EEA: European Economic Area
EECA: European Electronic Component Manufacturers Association
EEPCA: European Electrical Products Certification Association
EFSG: European Fire and Security Group
EFTA: European Free Trade Association
EG: Expert Group
EG CT: (EWOS) Expert Group on Conformance Testing
EICTA: EACEM – European Association of Consumer Electronics Manufacturers
ELSECOM: European Electrotechnical Sectoral Committee for Testing and Certification
ELC: European Lighting Council
ELOT: Hellenic Organization for Standardization
EMC: Electromagnetic Compatibility
EMCIT: (Agreement Group for) European Testing of Electromagnetic Compatibility of IT Products
EMEDCA: European Active Medical Devices Certification Agreement
EMUG: European MAP User Group
EN: European Standard
ENEC: European Norms Electrical Certification
ENS: European Nervous System
ENS-CC: ENS Certification Center
ENV: European Pre-Standard
EOTC: European Organization for Testing and Certification
EPHOS: European Procurement Handbook for Open Systems
EPIA: European Photovoltaic Industry Association
EPSMA: European Power Supply Manufacturers Association
EPTA: European Power Tool Association
ES: European Specification
ESA/ESTEC: European Space Research and Technology Centre
ESCIF: European Sectoral Committee for Intrusion and Fire Protection
ESO’s: European Standards’ Organizations (CEN, CENELEC and ETSI)
ESONE: Committee for European Studies on Norms for Electronics
ESPRIT: European Strategic Program for Research and Development in IT
ETCI: Electro-Technical Council of Ireland
ETCOM: European Testing Consortium for Office and Manufacturing (Agreement Group)
ETRI: Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (South Korea)
ETS: European Telecommunications Standard
ETS: Executible Test Suite
ETSI: European Telecommunications Standards Institute
EU: European Union
EUCOMED: European Confederation of Medical Associations
EURALARM: Association of European Manufacturers and Installers of Fire and Security Systems
EURELECTRIC: Union of the Electricity Industry
EUROBAT: Association of European Storage Battery Manufacturers
EUROCAE: European Organization for Civil Aviation Equipment
EUROLAB: European Federation of National Associations of Measurement, Testing and Analytical Laboratories
EUROPACABLE: European Confederation of Associations of Manufacturers of Insulated Wires and Cables
EVA: European Vending Association
EVS: Estonian Center for Standardization
EWOS: European Workshop for Open Systems
EZU: Electrotechnical Testing Institute
FDT: Formal Description Technique
FDIS: Final Draft International Standard
FIEC: European Construction Industry Federation
FIPS: Federal Information Processing Standard (USA)
FME: Association of Metal and Electrotechnical Industries
FTAM: File Transfer Access and Management
GCI: Graphical Computer Interface
GKS: Graphical Kernel System
GLATC: Graphics and Languages Testing and Certification
GOSIP: Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile
GPA: GATT Agreement
HAR: Agreement on the use of a commonly agreed marking for cables and cords complying with harmonized specifications
HD: Harmonization Document
HoD: Heads of Delegation
IAF: International Accreditation Forum
IBN/BNI: Institut Belge de Normalisation/Belgisch Instituut voor Normalisatie
ICS: International Classification for Standards
IEC: International Electrotechnical Commission
IEC CAB: IEC Conformity Assessment Board
IECQ: IEC Quality Assessment System for Electronic Components
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
I-ETS: Interim European Telecommunications Standard
IIOC: Independent International Organisation for Certifcation
ILAC: International Laboratory Accreditation Conference
INTAP: Interoperability Technology Association for Information Processing (Japan)
INTEC: Independent Terminal Testing and Certification Consortium
IMQ: Istituto Italiano del Marchio di Qualità
IPQ: Instituto Português da Qualidade
IPR: Intellectual Property Rights
ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ISP: International Standardized Profile
Isss: (CEN/Isss) Information Society Standardization System
IST: Icelandic Standards
IT: Information Technology
IT&T: Information Technology and Telecommunications
ITSTC: Information Technology Steering Committee (for the coordination of CEN, CENELEC and ETSI activities in the IT field)
ITU: International Telecommunication Union
JPG: Joint Presidents Group
JTC: Joint Technical Committee (ISO/IEC)
KEMA: Testing Research and Development and Engineering Consultant to the Electric Power Industry
LAN: Local Area Network
LCIE: Laboratoire Central des Industries Electriques
LIF: Lighting Industry Federation
LST: Lithuanian Standards Board
LVE-CCC: Low Voltage Electrical Equipment Certification Coordination Committee
LVD: Low Voltage Directive
LVS: Latvian Standard
MAP: Manufacturing Automation Protocol
MB: Moniteur Belge
MEEI: Hungarian Institute for Testing and Certification of Electrical Equipment
MEP: Member of European Parliament
MHS: Message Handling Service
MITI: Ministry of Post and Telecommunications (Japan)
MoU: Memorandum of Understanding
MRA: Mutual Recognition Arrangement
MSA: Malta Standards Authority
MSZT: Hungarian Standards Institution
MUAHAG: Military Usage and Harmonization Advisory Group
NAPCTC: North American Policy Council for OSI Testing and Certification
NCB: National Certification Body
NEC: Nederlands Elektrotechnisch Comité
NEK: Norsk Elektroteknisk Komite
NEMKO: Norwegan Board for Testing and Approval of Electrical Equipment
NET: Norme Européenne de Telecommunications
NIST: National Institute for Standardization and Technology
NMF: Network Management Forum
NNI: Stichting Nederlands Normalisatie Instituut
NORMAPME: European Office of Crafts, Trades and Small and medium sized enterprises for standardization
NSAI: National Standard Authority of Ireland
NSF: Norges Standardiseringsforbund
NSO: National Standards Organisation
NSSA: National Statement of Surveillance Arrangements
NTA: National Telecom Agency (Denmark)
NTRAC: New Technical Regulations Applications Committee
NTR: Notifications of Test Results
NVLAP: National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Programme (USA)
OCG: OSTC Certification Group
ODP: Open Distributed Processing
OIW: OSI Implementors’ Workshop (within NIST)
OJEU: Official Journal of the European Union
OIML: International Organization of Legal Metrology
ON: Österreichisches Normungsinstitut
ONC: Organisme National de Certification (National Certification Organization)
ONH: Organisme National Habilité (National Authorized Institution)
ONS: Organisme National de Surveillance (National Supervising Inspectorate)
ORGALIME: European federation of national industrial associations representing the European mechanical, electrical, electronic and metal articles industries
OSI: Open Systems Interconnection
OSITOP: Open Systems Interconnection/Technical and Office Protocols (user association)
OSTC: Open Systems Testing Consortium (Agreement Group)
OTL: OSI Testing Liaison (ECITC)
OV: Order Voucher
ÖVE: Österreichischer Verband für Elektrotechnik
PAPG: Peer Assessment Permanent Group
PAS: Publicly Available Specifications
PC: Programming Committee
PCBC: Polish Centre for Testing and Certification
PICS: Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement
PIXIT: Protocol Implementation eXtra Information for Testing
PKN: Polish Committee for Standardization
PNE: Rules for presentation of European Standards
POSAT: POSIX Agreement Group on Testing
POSI: Promoting Conference for OSI (Japan)
POSIX: unix-based operating system standardised by IEEE and ISO/IEC
prEN: Draft of a European Standard
prENV: Draft of a European Prestandard
PSDN: Packet Switched Data Network
PSTS: Profile Specific Test Specificiation
PT: Project Team
PTS: Profile Test Specification
QA: Quality Assurance
QAP: Quality Assessment Procedures
QMS: Quality Management System
QS: Quality System
RA: Recognition Arrangement
RWS/CC: Regional Workshop Coordination Committee
SC: Subcommittee
SCC: Standards Council of Canada
SCTR: System Conformance Test Report
SDL: System Description Language (Formal definition)
SEE: Service de l'Energie de l'Etat (Luxembourg)
SEK: Svenska Elektriska Kommissionen
SEMKO: Swedish Board for Testing and Approval of Electrical Equipment
SESKO: Standardization in Finland
SEV: Slovak Electrotechnical Committee
SFS: Suomen Standardisoimisliitto
SFS: Svensk författningssamling
SGML: Standard Generalised Mark-up Language
SIG: Special Interest Group
SIS: Swedish Standards Institute
SIST: Slovenian Institute for Standardization
SMT: Supervised Manufacturer’s Testing
SNV: Schweizerische Normen-Vereinigung
SOGITS: Senior Officials Group on Information Technology Standardization
SOGT: Senior Officials Group on Telecommunications
SPAG: Standards Promotion and Application Group
SQA: Software Quality Assurance
STRI: Icelandic Council for Standardization
SWG-CA: JTC 1 Special Working Group on Conformity Assessment
TAS: Technology Approval Schedules
T&C: Testing and Certification
TC: Technical Committee
TC ATM: Technical Committee on Advanced Testing Methods; precursor to TC MTS
TC MTS: Technical Committee on Methods for Testing and Specification
TIE: Toy Industries Europe
TLFF/C+C: Technical Level Feeders Forum/Conformance and Certification
TME: European association of toys manufacturers
TOP: Technical Office Protocols
TOR: Terms of Reference
TMP: Testing at Manufacturer’s Premises
TP: Transaction Processing
TP: Test Purpose
TRAC: Technical Recommendations Application Committee; precursor to NTRAC
TSE: Turkish Standards Institution
TSS: Test Suite Structure
TSS&TP: Test Suite Structure and Test Purpose
TTC: Telecommunications Technology Committee (Japan)
TTCN: Tree and Tabular Combined Notation (test specification language)
TUAG: Telecommunication Users Advisory Group
TUTB: European Trade Union Technical Bureau for Health and Safety
UIC: International Union of Railways
UN/ECE: United Nations - Economic and Social Council
UNICE: Union of Industrial and Employers’ Confederations of Europe
UTE: Union Technique de l'Electricité et de la Communication
VDE-PZI: Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker - Prüfzeichen Institut
VT: Virtual Terminal
WAN: Wide Area Network
WECC: Western European Calibration Cooperation
WELAC: Western European Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation
WFMTUG: World Federation of MAP/TOP User Groups
WG: Working Group
WTO: World Trade Organization
ZSMP: Institute for Standards, Metrology and Intellectual Property of Bosnia and Herzegovina

List of Homophones


accessary, accessory

ad, add

ail, ale

air, heir

aisle, I'll, isle

all, awl

allowed, aloud

alms, arms

altar, alter

arc, ark

aren't, aunt

ate, eight

auger, augur

auk, orc

aural, oral

away, aweigh

awe, oar, or, ore

axel, axle

aye, eye, I

bail, bale

bait, bate

baize, bays

bald, bawled

ball, bawl

band, banned

bard, barred

bare, bear

bark, barque

baron, barren

base, bass

bay, bey

bazaar, bizarre

be, bee

beach, beech

bean, been

beat, beet

beau, bow

beer, bier

bel, bell, belle

berry, bury

berth, birth

bight, bite, byte

billed, build

bitten, bittern

blew, blue

bloc, block

boar, bore

board, bored

boarder, border

bold, bowled

boos, booze

born, borne

bough, bow

boy, buoy

brae, bray

braid, brayed

braise, brays, braze

brake, break

bread, bred

brews, bruise

bridal, bridle

broach, brooch

bur, burr

but, butt

buy, by, bye

buyer, byre

calendar, calender

call, caul

canvas, canvass

cast, caste

caster, castor

caught, court

caw, core, corps

cede, seed

ceiling, sealing

cell, sell

censer, censor, sensor

cent, scent, sent

cereal, serial

cheap, cheep

check, cheque

choir, quire

chord, cord

cite, sight, site

clack, claque

clew, clue

climb, clime

close, cloze

coal, kohl

coarse, course

coign, coin

colonel, kernel



coo, coup

cops, copse

council, counsel

cousin, cozen

creak, creek

crews, cruise

cue, kyu, queue

curb, kerb

currant, current

cymbol, symbol

dam, damn

days, daze

dear, deer

descent, dissent

desert, dessert

deviser, divisor

dew, due

die, dye

discreet, discrete

doe, doh, dough

done, dun

douse, dowse

draft, draught

dual, duel

earn, urn

eery, eyrie

ewe, yew, you

faint, feint

fah, far

fair, fare

farther, father

fate, fête

faun, fawn

fay, fey

faze, phase

feat, feet

ferrule, ferule

few, phew

fie, phi

file, phial

find, fined

fir, fur

fizz, phiz

flair, flare

flaw, floor

flea, flee

flex, flecks

flew, flu, flue

floe, flow

flour, flower

foaled, fold

for, fore, four


fort, fought

forth, fourth

foul, fowl

franc, frank

freeze, frieze

friar, fryer

furs, furze

gait, gate

galipot, gallipot

gallop, galop

gamble, gambol

gays, gaze

genes, jeans

gild, guild

gilt, guilt

giro, gyro

gnaw, nor

gneiss, nice

gorilla, guerilla

grate, great

greave, grieve

greys, graze

grisly, grizzly

groan, grown

guessed, guest

hail, hale

hair, hare

hall, haul

hangar, hanger

hart, heart

haw, hoar, whore

hay, hey

heal, heel, he'll

hear, here

heard, herd

he'd, heed

heroin, heroine

hew, hue

i, high

higher, hire

him, hymn

ho, hoe

hoard, horde

hoarse, horse

holey, holy, wholly

hour, our

idle, idol

in, inn

indict, indite

it's, its

jewel, joule

key, quay

knave, nave

knead, need

knew, new

knight, night

knit, nit

knob, nob

knock, nock

knot, not

know, no

knows, nose

laager, lager

lac, lack

lade, laid

lain, lane

lam, lamb

laps, lapse

larva, lava

lase, laze

law, lore

lay, ley

lea, lee

leach, leech

lead, led

leak, leek

lean, lien

lessen, lesson

levee, levy

liar, lyre

licence, license

licker, liquor

lie, lye

lieu, loo

links, lynx

lo, low

load, lode

loan, lone

locks, lox

loop, loupe

loot, lute

made, maid

mail, male

main, mane

maize, maze

mall, maul

manna, manner

mantel, mantle

mare, mayor

mark, marque

marshal, martial

marten, martin

mask, masque

maw, more

me, mi

mean, mien

meat, meet, mete

medal, meddle

metal, mettle

meter, metre

might, mite

miner, minor, mynah

mind, mined

missed, mist

moat, mote

mode, mowed

moor, more

moose, mousse

morning, mourning

muscle, mussel

naval, navel

nay, neigh

nigh, nye

none, nun

od, odd

ode, owed

oh, owe

one, won

packed, pact

packs, pax

pail, pale

pain, pane

pair, pare, pear

palate, palette, pallet

pascal, paschal

paten, patten, pattern

pause, paws, pores, pours

pawn, porn

pea, pee

peace, piece

peak, peek, peke, pique

peal, peel

pearl, purl

pedal, peddle

peer, pier

pi, pie

pica, pika

place, plaice

plain, plane

pleas, please

plum, plumb

pole, poll

poof, pouffe

practice, practise

praise, prays, preys

principal, principle

profit, prophet

quarts, quartz

quean, queen

rain, reign, rein

raise, rays, raze

rap, wrap

raw, roar

read, reed

read, red

real, reel

reek, wreak

rest, wrest

retch, wretch

review, revue

rheum, room

right, rite, wright, write

ring, wring

road, rode

roe, row

role, roll

roo, roux, rue

rood, rude

root, route

rose, rows

rota, rotor

rote, wrote

rough, ruff

rouse, rows

rung, wrung

rye, wry

saver, savour

spade, spayed

sale, sail

sane, seine

satire, satyr

sauce, source

saw, soar, sore

scene, seen

scull, skull

sea, see

seam, seem

sear, seer, sere

seas, sees, seize

sew, so, sow

shake, sheikh

shear, sheer

shoe, shoo

sic, sick

side, sighed

sign, sine

sink, synch

slay, sleigh

sloe, slow

sole, soul

some, sum

son, sun

sort, sought

spa, spar

staid, stayed

stair, stare

stake, steak

stalk, stork

stationary, stationery

steal, steel

stile, style

storey, story

straight, strait

sweet, suite

swat, swot

tacks, tax

tale, tail

talk, torque

tare, tear

taught, taut, tort

te, tea, tee

team, teem

tear, tier

teas, tease

terce, terse

tern, turn

here, their, they're

threw, through

throes, throws

throne, thrown

thyme, time

tic, tick

tide, tied

tire, tyre

to, too, two

toad, toed, towed

told, tolled

tole, toll

ton, tun

tor, tore

tough, tuff

roop, troupe

tuba, tuber

vain, vane, vein

vale, veil

vial, vile

wail, wale, whale

wain, wane

waist, waste

wait, weight

waive, wave

wall, waul

war, wore

ware, wear, where

warn, worn

wart, wort

watt, what

wax, whacks

way, weigh, whey

we, wee, whee

weak, week

we'd, weed

weal, we'll, wheel

wean, ween

weather, whether

weaver, weever

weir, we're

were, whirr

wet, whet

wheald, wheeled

which, witch

whig, wig

while, wile

whine, wine

whir, whorl


whit, wit

white, wight

who's, whose

woe, whoa

wood, would

yaw, yore,your, you're

yoke, yolk

you'll, yule