Preposition

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PREPOSITIONS SHOWING TIME:

1. At, In

At is used with a definite point of time in mind.

I go to my Department at 7.30 a.m everyday

He will come at Holi

In is generally used to denote a specific time, period, month, year.

I play chess in the evening.

I shall come in the next month.

2. On, By

On is used with days and dates.

He was born on the 9th of July.

I teach Wordsworth on every Monday.

By refers to the latest time by which an action will be over.

The meeting will break by 4 p.m

3 For, Since

For denotes a period of time and is used with the perfect continuous tense.

I have been wording in Kamraj University for the last 10 years.

Since shows the point of time. It also indicates continuity.

India has been independent since 1947.

4. From

From refers to the starting point of an action.

He is joining the new firm from the 1st of May.

Preposition showing position:

1. At, In

At refers to an exact point.

He lives at Sai nagar

In refers to a big area.

He lives in Madurai

2. Between, Among

Between is used to distinguish two persons and things.

The property was divided between ram and sai

Among is used for more than two persons or things.

The food was distributed among the ten boys in the family.

3. Amongst

Amongst is also used with more than two persons or things but is always used before a vowel.

Divide the oranges amongst us.

4. Above, Under

Above is used for higher than.

The aeroplane was flying high in the sky, infact, above the clouds.

Below or Under is used for lower than.

His output is below ours.

5. Under, Over

Under is used for vertically below.

We sit under the tree when we have no class.

Over indicates something vertically above.

There is a separate room above the garage.

6. Beneath

Beneath show a lower position.

The ground was soiled beneath her.

Prepositions showing direction:

  1. To is used to indicate movement from one place to another.

The children go to the school every morning

  1. Towards points out a particular direction.

The Lion ran towards the hunter.

  1. Into indicates a movement inside something.

The thief entered into the room.

  1. At indicates aim.

The hunter aimed at the bird

  1. For denotes direction.

I shall start for Chennai today.

6. Off refers to separation.

He was thrown off from the car during the accident.

  1. From refers to a point of departure.

We feel unhappy when we depart from our parents

  1. Against shows pressure

I rested my arms against the wall.

9. Along shows the same line.

I walked along the shore

10. Across means from one side.

I ran across the road.

11. Before denotes face-to-face.

I was standing before my wife.

12. Behind means at the back of someone or something.

My daughter stood behind me.

13. Beside means by the side of.

The security guard sits beside the officer.

14. After refers to a sequence.

The child came running after the mother.

A prepositional phrase can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. The most common prepositions are "about," "above," "across," "after," "against," "along," "among," "around," "at," "before," "behind," "below," "beneath," "beside," "between," "beyond," "but," "by," "despite," "down," "during," "except," "for," "from," "in," "inside," "into," "like," "near," "of," "off," "on," "onto," "out," "outside," "over," "past," "since," "through," "throughout," "till," "to," "toward," "under," "underneath," "until," "up," "upon," "with," "within," and "without."