Draw a line under each preposition and compound preposition

1. Place the umbrella stand beside the door.

2. Lean a little to the left.

3. Mom, may I go skating with Suzi?

4. You can get extra supplies from the stationery store.

5. Eileen and Miranda have been best friends since third grade.

6. The ground under the trees isn’t even wet.

7. We can do this work without any extra help.

8. The paprika is between the onion powder and the pepper.

9. I can stay only until eight o’clock.

10. I found my homework inside my social studies book.

11. We ran five laps around the gym and then practiced shots.

12. Myra lives near Mr. Polumski, who is my English teacher.

13. The airplane flew above the storm.

14. Sprinkle the colored sugar on top of the frosting.

15. Meet me during lunch period.

16. I can meet you in front of the library at four o’clock.

17. Samantha and David ran down the street.

18. Alfie, my golden retriever, relaxes in the shade under the oak tree.

19. Juan shyly stood apart from the other new students.

20. We must be on the train by noon.

21. Jeremy sits third from the left among the other trumpet players.

22. Will you write about John Cabot instead of Abigail Adams?

23. According to Mr. Wolford, you performed beyond all expectations.

24. Everyone went outside the building because of the false alarm.

25. All of these papers except the green ones are for Salem Elementary.

26. Crawl through the tunnel, and climb onto the platform.

27. How did you get inside the house without your key?

28. Go into the stable and look for the saddle soap.

29. During my study time, I came upon this beautiful poem.

30. On top of the mountain the temperature often drops below zero.

Job Application III

Exact Name of Person

Title or Position

Name of Company

Address (number and street)

Address (city, state, and zip)

Dear Exact Name of Person: (or Sir or Madam if answering a blind ad)

With the enclosed resume, I would like to make you aware of the considerable skills I could put to work for the Baltimore Family Health System. Although I would like you to consider me for any situation where my versatile skills could be of value to you, I am particularly interested in the following positions:

Access Coordinator

Assistant Practice Manager

Network Analyst II (Information Systems)

Account Analyst

You will see that I offer skills compatible with those and other business office positions. I hold a B.A. in Finance and have acquired experience in internal business auditing activities, payroll calculation and administration, computer operations, and office management. I have worked for only two companies and have been promoted to increasing responsibilities in both organizations because of my initiative, productivity, and office skills. Even in high school, I began working for Camelot Music and was promoted to Assistant Manager for a store with $1.5 million in annual sales and 15 employees. In my current job, I handle a variety of internal auditing procedures, troubleshoot accounting problems, and handle liaison with the home office. I am proficient in utilizing numerous software programs including Excel, Lotus, and many others.

With a reputation as a congenial individual with outstanding customer service and public relations skills, I can provide outstanding personal and professional references at the appropriate time. Although I am excelling in my current position and am highly regarded by my employer, it is my desire to work in a medical environment.

If you can use an energetic and highly motivated hard worker who offers versatile skills and abilities, I hope you will contact me to suggest a time when we might meet to discuss your needs and how I might serve them. Thank you in advance for your time.

Yours truly,

(Name in Caps)

Covering Letter/ Job Application II


                                                                     (Title or Position)

Name of Company

Address (number and street)

Address (city, state, and zip)

Dear Exact Name of Person: (or Dear Sir or Madam if answering a blind ad)

 With the enclosed resume, I would like to make you aware of my interest in the position of Financial Management Analyst II with the Vermont Department of Revenue. As you will see from my enclosed resume, I offer a background as a seasoned accounting professional with exceptional analytical, communication, and organizational skills. In my current job, I perform essentially as a Financial Management Analyst in my role as a Field Auditor and Revenue Officer with the Vermont Department of Revenue.

        With the Department of Revenue, I have advanced in a track record of increasing responsibilities. In my current position as a Field Auditor, I analyze financial reports of businesses and individuals, reconciling various general ledgers as well as investment and checking accounts in order to accurately determine tax liability. Earlier as a Revenue Officer, I consulted with taxpayers to assist them in determining the validity of deductions and calculating the amount of individual income tax owed. In both of these positions, I trained my coworkers, sharing my extensive knowledge of Internal Revenue Service and Vermont Department of Revenue codes and laws while educating department personnel on correct procedures related to professional auditing and collections.

I hold an Associate of Applied Science degree in Accounting from Central Berkshire Community College and a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from the University of Oregon at Portland.

Please favorably consider my application for this internal opening, and please also consider my history of dedicated service to the Vermont Department of Revenue. I feel certain that I could excel in this job and could be a valuable asset to the department.


(name in caps)

The 10 most common mistakes found in job search letters

Avoid these common errors and you will be well on your way to achieving an effective, attractive, professional letter.

1. Not sending a covering letter in the first place. 

    Always send a letter highlighting the main points in your favour. Don’t expect a prospective employer to   plough through your CV or application form and work out your merits for themselves. They probably don’t have the time. 

2. Dwelling on negatives. 

   Tell people what you can do, not what you can’t. If you don’t have the major qualifications or experience that the employer is asking for, consider whether you should be applying at all.

3. Sending letters to a job title instead of a name, and starting ‘Dear Sir or Madam’.

   Always send letters, CVs and forms to named individuals. Don’t leave it up to the company to decide whose responsibility it is; the chances are it will end up as nobody’s. Take the trouble to find out the name and position of the person you should be writing to.

4. Poor spelling and grammar. 

    If you don’t take trouble over your application letter, why should they expect you to take any trouble over your job?

5. Irrelevant information. 

    Unfortunately, it’s tempting to put your most impressive credentials in the letter when applying for a job, even when these are not strictly relevant to the position. An employer is looking for the most suitable person for the job, not necessarily the most highly qualified. With only one page in which to make your case, get directly to the point, and leave everything else for your CV or application form.

6. Overwritten. Write as if you were speaking clearly and naturally to a colleague.

    There is no need to use special 42 Readymade job search letters language or elaborate phrases when writing business letters. The simpler and plainer your style, the more likely it is that your letter will be read and understood.

7. Badly presented.

    Present your letters on plain, white, good quality A4-size paper. They should be printed unless a handwritten letter is specifically asked for. Avoid ordinary small-sized writing-pad paper, coloured or patterned paper and coloured inks, as they look unprofessional.

8. Too long. 

    Everything that you need to say you can usually fit on to one page – or a page and a half in exceptional circumstances.

9. Difficult to read. 

    Long paragraphs, dense text and convoluted sentences make letters look unappealing. Keep your letter clear and concise, with a short, straightforward structure, and lots of white space. Use wide margins and leave a line space between short paragraphs.

10. Inappropriate style. 

     Don’t feel you need to adopt a ‘dynamic’ or ‘hard sell’ style of writing for your letters; the result can often seem arrogant, tactless or flippant. Stick to a friendly, natural, businesslike approach.

Resumes and Cover Letters Are Marketing Tools

The first step to creating resumes and cover letters is to understand what they really are and how to best use them in a successful job search. Most people think a resume is a document that traces one’s work history and skills. The cover letter is a formal accompaniment to the resume, intended to introduce a job candidate. But resumes and cover letters are also much more than that. They are marketing tools to get the attention of your desired audience—potential employers—and interest them in learning more about a quality product: you. How do consumer products companies get us to buy their products? Marketing. How do financial services companies attract more customers? Marketing How do political candidates move their campaigns forward? That’s right, marketing.

                  Viewed this way, it’s easy to see how important a cover letter and resume are to a job search—and how much potential these marketing tools have. But any successful marketing campaign requires a carefully crafted message that speaks directly to the needs of its audience. Your resume should make recruiters say, “Yes! This is exactly who we need. I want to meet this candidate to learn more.”
                                                                                                               source : Killer covering Letters

Grammar Test - I

  1. I ( done, have done) it
  2. They (came, come) yesterday
  3. Mary said she (thank, thought) of it yesterday
  4. Four sailors (drowned, drownded) in the accident
  5. I (have seen, seen) it
  6. I (have seen, saw) it
  7. We ( did, done) it when you told us to do
  8. We have ( did, done) it before
  9. You (wrote, have wrote) a good letter
  10. They (threw, throwed) out a lot of old magazines
  11. She ( has broke, has broken) her promise
  12. The water pipe ( burst, bursted) last week
  13. I (knowed, knew) he was right all along
  14. He (drank, drunk) his coffee
  15. He (has drunk, has drank) his coffee
  16. I ( brang, brought) a friend along
  17. She has (written, wrote) us a nice note
  18. We have( drive, drove) 300 miles today
  19. The batter (slid, slud) into third bare
  20. I’m sorry but I’ve (forgotten, forgot) his name
  21. You have (gone, went) and done it again
  22. Mr.Brown has (chosen, chose) not to go
  23. He has been (bitten, bit) by the dog
  24. Just an hour ago she (laid, lay) down for a nap
  25. I have ( spoken, spoke) to the principal about your behaviour
  26. Have you (ate, eaten) ?
  27. The farmer (dug, digged) the potatoes before noon
  28. Yesterday a bee (stung, stang) her
  29. The water pipes have (froze, frozen)
  30. St.George (slew, slayed) the dragon
  31. My son has (grown, growed) a lot this year
  32. My son (grew, growed) tomatoes in the back yard last summer
  33. Have you (drew, drawn) your pay yet?
  34. Have you even (swum, swam) in the ocean?
  35. The birds have all ( flown, flew) away
  36. Have you ever (ridden, rode) a horse?
  37. She hasn’t (drank, drunk) her milk this morning
  38. I’d have (thunk, thought) you knew better than that.
  39. He picked up the rock and (slang, slunged) it over the fence
  40. Have you (given, gave) him his share?
  41. Who (built, builded) this cabin?
  42. He ( throwed, threw) the snowball at me
  43. We have all (sang, sung) the national anthem
  44. The cut on his finger (bleeded, bled) badly
  45. You have ( broke, broken) mother’s favorite glass
  46. She ( began, begun) the job yesterday
  47. She ( began, has begun) the job already
  48. He ( swimmed, swam) the river at its widest point
  49. You have (tore, torn) your dress
  50. Haven’t  I ( seen, saw) you some where before
  51. Joe and Tom (begun, began) the job yesterday
  52. Joe and Tom have ( begun, began) the job
  53. Have you (worn, wore) that dress before?
  54. She ( strove, strived) to improve herself
  55. The baseball team got ( beat, beaten) badly
  56. Your shirt ( shrunk, shrank) in ht laundry
  57. Has the whistle (blew, blown)?
  58. He had (run, ran) all the way to school
  59. I (done, did) it yesterday
  60. Mother has (hidden, hid) the jar

Sentence Completion - Vocabulary Test I

1. He is too _______ to be deceived easily
a) strong b) modern c)kind d) honest e) intelligent

2. Ravi’s behaviour is worthy of ________ by all the youngsters.
a) trail b) emulation c)following d) exploration e) experiment

3. The speaker did not properly use the time as he went on ________ on one point alone.
a) dilating b) devoting c) deliberation d) diluting e) distributing

4. The principal and staff have made ______efforts to enable the students to attend college on the days of the bus strike.
a) integrated b) deliberate c) concerted d) systematic

5. It was _________ that a mind so pure and searching could miss the truth.
a) likely b) unlikely c) possible d) scarcely

6. The _________ is working on wood.
a) artifact b) artistic c) artist d) artisan

7. If an indelible ink is used, this will not be ____________
a) observed b) obligated c) obliterated d) obviated

8. He _________ that he could speak languages.
a) challenged b) boasted c) submitted d) suggested

9. It is indeed ________ that 40 years after independence, we have failed to ________ a suitable education or examination system.
a) bad, produce b)improper, create c) sad, evolve d) objectionable, present

10. The boy you met yesterday is in class.
a) ninth b) the ninth c) nine d) the nine

11. The children were disappointed because they had hoped _______with us
a) to have gone b) to go c) would have gone

12. He is the friend ___________ I trust most
a) him b) whom c) which d) who

13. The meeting was presided ____________by the Prime minister
a) on b)upon c) up d) over

14. He ____________ his camera on the railway.
a) laid b) lay c) lain

15. The doctor tried both pencillin and sulphamilamide; the pencillin porved to be the _________ effective drug.
a) very b) more c) most

16. Joseph introduced me _________ his mother as the best batsman
a) to b) by c) with d) of

17. She ___________ in the crowd because of her height and flaming red hair.
a) stood by b) stood off c) stood up d) stood out

18. History records seventeen incursions of Sultan Mahmood ________ India.
a) against b) into c) upon d) on

19. He is being considered ___________senior managerial position.
a) of b) to c) for d) towards e) by

20. It should be the aim of every educated Indian to see that as ________ as possible people become literate.
a) few b) most c) many d) much

Reading Comprehension. I

Most people can remember a phone number for up to thirty seconds. When this short amount of time elapses, however, the numbers are erased from the memory. How did the information get there in the first place? Information that makes its way to the short term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area. The brain has a filter which only allows stimuli that is of immediate interest to pass on to the STM, also known as the working memory.

            There is much debate about the capacity and duration of the short term memory. The most accepted theory comes from George A. Miller, a cognitive psychologist who suggested that humans can remember approximately seven chunks of information. A chunk is defined as a meaningful unit of information, such as a word or name rather than just a letter or number. Modern theorists suggest that one can increase the capacity of the short term memory by chunking, or classifying similar information together. By organizing information, one can optimize the STM, and improve the chances of a memory being passed on to long term storage.

            When making a conscious effort to memorize something, such as information for an exam, many people engage in "rote rehearsal". By repeating something over and over again, we are able to keep a memory alive. Unfortunately, this type of memory maintenance only succeeds if there are no interruptions. As soon as a person stops rehearsing the information, it has the tendency to disappear. When a pen and paper are not handy, you might attempt to remember a phone number by repeating it aloud. If the doorbell rings or the dog barks to come in before you get the opportunity to make your phone call, you will forget the number instantly. Therefore, rote rehearsal is not an efficient way to pass information from the short term to long term memory. A better way is to practice "elaborate rehearsal". This involves assigning semantic meaning to a piece of information so that it can be filed along with other pre-existing long term memories.

             Encoding information semantically also makes it more retrievable. Retrieving information can be done by recognition or recall. Humans can recall memories that are stored in the long term memory and used often. However, if a memory seems to be forgotten, it may eventually be retrieved by prompting. The more cues a person is given (such as pictures), the more likely a memory can be retrieved. This is why multiple choice tests are often used for subjects that require a lot of memorization. 
Reading Comprehension questions:
1. According to the passage, how do memories get transferred to the STM?

A) They revert from the long term memory.
B) They are filtered from the sensory storage area.
C) They get chunked when they enter the brain.
D) They enter via the nervous system.
2. The word "elapses" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to:

A) passes
B) adds up
C) appears
D) continues   
3. All of the following are mentioned as places in which memories are stored EXCEPT the:

B) long term memory
C) sensory storage area
D) maintenance area
4. Why does the author mention a dog's bark?

A) It is a type of memory.
B) It is a type of interruption.
C) Dogs have better memories than humans.
D) A dog's bark is similar to a doorbell.
5. What is paragraph 2 mainly about?

A) George A. Miller
B) Cognitive theorists
C) STM capacity
D) Modern debates
6. How do theorists believe a person can remember more information in a short time?

A) By organizing it
B) By repeating it
C) By giving it a name
D) By drawing it

7. The author believes that rote rotation is:

A) the best way to remember something
B) more efficient than chunking
C) ineffective in the long run
D) an unnecessary interruption
8. The word "it" in the first sentence of the last paragraph refers to:

A) encoding
C) semantics
D) information
9. The word "elaborate" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to:

A) complex
B) efficient
C) pretty
D) regular
10. Which of the following is NOT supported by the passage?

A) The working memory is the same as the short term memory.
B) A memory is kept alive through constant repetition.
C) Cues help people to recognize information.
D) Multiple choice exams are the most difficult.

Job Application

5, Old Street                                       (From address; need not to be mentioned with “From”)
Madurai – 625 011

20 April 2010                                      (Date, month (in words) and year, next to the from add)

Mr. Dhakshna Moorthy
543, New Street                                  (to whom you are sending this application
Chennai 600116                                         “to address”)

Dear Mr. Dhakshna Moorthy             (Greetings should not begin with Respected Sir / you can greet  by 
saying Dear Sir/Madam)
I am writing in response to your advertisement in the December issue of The Hindu in which you announced an opening for a sales representative.

I have five years of retail experience in the book industry. For the past three years, I have managed Books for all over Tamil Nadu, an independent bookstore located in Madurai. I am familiar with the products that you publish and believe my experience as a retailer and with the buying public would benefit your company.

As the manager of an independent bookstore, I have demonstrated my ability to set goals and complete projects in a timely and thorough manner.

In my current job, I am responsible for buying both new publications and backlist inventory as well as analyzing sales trends using a computerized inventory system. I have a B.A. in English literature, and I am an active participant in local writers’ workshops. I have enclosed a copy of my resumé for your review.

If you wish to contact me before that date, please call

(Signature)                  (Should be in the left corner, remember that you should always say yours sincerely or yours truly while drafting a job application)

Job Application

                   Before drafting Job application you should check with the following points and details:

Step 1: The first part of the letter should state your purpose of drafting. This may be anything from offering a position to requesting information.

Step 2: The second part of the letter should give the details or background information for the first part. If you are offering a position, it is appropriate in this section to give all of the details concerning the position. If you are stating co-curricular extra -curricular activities, state specific knowledge, skills and abilities that will benefit the reader.

Step 3: The last part of the letter acts as a summary reminding the recipient of the general nature of the letter. This part clarifies the action that must be taken, if any.

Interview Questions and Answers

Tell me about yourself ?

What are your greatest strengths ?

What are your greatest weaknesses ?

Tell me about something you did – or failed to do – that you now feel a little
ashamed of ?

Tell me about a situation when your work was criticized ?

Why are you leaving (or did you leave) this position ?

Why should I hire you?

Aren’t you overqualified for this position?

Where do you see yourself five years from now?

Describe your ideal company, location and job.

Why do you want to work at our company?

What are your career options right now?

What are your goals?

What are your outside interests ?

What was the toughest challenge you’ve ever faced?

Effective Class Room Presentation / Making an Oral Presentation

When making an oral presentation in class, you must know your subject well and convince your audience that they have something to gain from listening to you. Here are some tips you can do to make an effective oral presentation.

Be prepared

Research your subject to ensure that you are knowledgeable. Practice your presentation until you feel comfortable. Make sure you can present your information within whatever time limits you will have. Anticipate questions you may be asked and prepare answers to these.

Know your audience

Tailor your presentation to your audience’s level of knowledge about the subject of your presentation, what they need to know, and their interests.

Be positive

Make it clear that you are knowledgeable and enthusiastic about your subject.

Don’t read your presentation

Talk to your audience. Use your notes as prompts as needed.

Provide examples

Try to make your presentation as concrete and “down to earth” as possible. Add appropriate anecdotes and humor to drive home a point.

Use visual aids

Supplement what you say with visual aids such as handouts, charts, transparencies, and slides. Make sure that everyone can easily see the visual aids. Don’t use visual aids that are so complex that the audience will spend its time trying to read them instead of listening to you. Visual aids are supplements to what you say, not replacements for what you say.

Maintain eye contact

Shift your eye contact around the room so that everyone feels that you are talking to them.

Actively involve your audience

People can only listen so long without their attention wandering. Making your presentation interesting will help you to capture and keep your audience’s attention for a while, but you must do more. Build in some simple and quick activities for your audience so that they are actively involved in your presentation. Ask questions that you are confident your audience will be able to answer.

Use your voice effectively

Vary the tone of your voice and be careful not to talk too quickly.

End on a high note

Leave your audience feeling upbeat about what they have just heard.

Interview Skills : How to Answer Interview Questions

Searching for a job can be a full-time job in itself. Networking, scouring the help wanted ads and filling out applications can sometimes seem like more effort than it's worth. But don't give up -- you never know when you'll get a call from the human resources department of a wonderful company asking to schedule a face-to-face interview.

When that call does come, you can delight in the idea that you are only one step away from your dream job. So shine your shoes and start giving some thought to the best way to answer the interviewer's questions! Here are a few tips:

Be honest. You are giving the interviewer his/her very first impression of you; be sure that you present yourself as trustworthy.

Display a positive attitude. Everyone prefers to work with upbeat people; no matter what questions you are asked, remain optimistic and enthusiastic.

Be sure to highlight your skills and abilities at every opportunity. If you have previously worked in the same job field, emphasize your advancements and achievements.

If you've got applicable education, be sure to point it out. Also, if you have attended seminars or other job related training sessions, mention what you feel you have gained from those experiences.

Give credit to others when appropriate. Mention that your last employer was a great motivator or was so bright and funny that he/she made the work environment comfortable and productive. Speaking well of others reflects well on you, too.

Never point out the shortcomings of others -- ex bosses or coworkers, in particular. The interviewer will rightly assume that you'll be doing the same thing to his/her company in time.

If you have limited job experience, spotlight other events in your life that have given you skills that would apply to this position. For instance, volunteering in the past may have taught you good people and time management skills.

Be open and friendly, but not too chatty!

Ask questions, too. Let the interviewer know that you are interested in the growth of the company and your possible contribution. Make him/her aware that you've done your homework about the company's history (You have, haven't you?!) and that you hope to play a part in its continued growth.

There are some topics to avoid, if possible. Try to keep the focus of the interview on what you can offer the company, and not on any limitations that you may have. If your children's daycare situation means that you'll need to leave the office promptly at 5:00 every day, this is not the time to approach the subject!